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CAT 2: Chicago Citation

Why Cite?

Citing your sources may seem tedious, but it's important to cite because:

  • Citations allow others to find the information you used in your research paper.
  • Citations help establish the credibility of your research.
  • Citations acknowledge the work of other scholars who have made your own research possible.
  • Citations help you avoid plagiarizing!

How to Write A Citation - Chicago (Author-Date)

Journal Article (Online)

Keng, Shao-Hsun, Chun-Hung Lin, and Peter F. Orazem. 2017. “Expanding College Access in Taiwan, 1978–2014: Effects on Graduate Quality and Income Inequality.” Journal of Human Capital 11 (1): 1–34.

In-Text Citation: (Keng, Lin, and Orazem 2017, 9–10)


Book (Whole)

Grazer, Brian, and Charles Fishman. 2015. A Curious Mind: The Secret to a Bigger Life. New York: Simon & Schuster.

In-Text Citation: (Grazer and Fishman 2015, 12)


Book (Chapter)

Thoreau, Henry David. 2016. “Walking.” In The Making of the American Essay, edited by John D’Agata, 167–95. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press.

In-Text Citation: (Thoreau 2016, 177–78)

Chicago Style

Chicago style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences, arts and humanities.  These resources, revised according to the 17th edition of the The Chicago Manual of Style, offer examples for the general format of Chicago style research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and bibliographies:

Writing Help

Citation Help

Chicago Manual at the Library