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Health Law & Leadership of Healthcare Organizations Program: Tools & Tips for Citations

Resources for students in the joint masters program at UC San Diego and Cal Western law school as well as the Leadership in Healthcare Organizations program from the UCSD School of Medicine.

Making Choices about Tools


When creating a scholarly paper, it is important to reference from where you drew your facts, ideas, and inspirations.  There are many styles you might use - from APA to MLA (showing author & year) to Uniform Requirements (using a number only) to using a specific journal style.  Properly using a reference requires knowledge about the citation style you need to use, so even though these tools do most of the heavy lifting - you still need to know a little about your style.  For example, where, in your sentence, should the citation appear - is it at the end or somewhere in the middle of a sentence?  Examples can help, and we have some for you, but if you have any questions, check out the Purdue Owl.

3 options for citing:  

  1. Type it out by hand using examples from style guides.
  2. Use Copy & Paste Citation from UC-eLinks.
  3. Type all the information into one of the quick formatting tools.
  4. Pull in details from a database or catalog (no re-typing needed) to one of the other citation management tools so you can use & re-use them as needed (and have some extra options for organizing them and managing PDFs).

Which tool should I use?

There are lots of tools and several are highlighted on this guide.  Below is an algorithm to help you figure out which tool is advised for your project.

How to Choose a Citation Management Tool

Used with permission (CC-BY) from the University of Michigan, with slight modification

For more information on the tools in this infographic, please see our guide, How to Cite.