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PBL Information Resources and Tools for the First Year: Case 7: Cardiovascular Block -- Gloria Hernandez

This guide provides resources and strategies for finding background, clinical and drug information, including evidence-based medicine strategies and specific information for problem-based learning exercises.


The following are textbooks of possible interest and are available either in print or online.  To find more books of interest, use the search box above and to the right.  Change the drop-down option from "This Guide" to Catalog.

Not Finding What You Need? Just Ask:

Not finding what you need?  Having trouble using one of our resources?  Please let us know.

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Extra Thoughts

Just a couple of last things for this case that don't fit elsewhere.

Do you use a nutrition app?
My Fitness Pal: 2 votes (16.67%)
FitBit: 1 votes (8.33%)
Lose It: 2 votes (16.67%)
Noom: 0 votes (0%)
I don't use any: 7 votes (58.33%)
Other, please tell me (use the link): 0 votes (0%)
Total Votes: 12

Results from over the years shows that most don't use any nutrition apps but a few are using My Fitness Pal and some use Fit Bit.

Cardiac Exams & Sounds

Many of your questions this week are best answered in some of our textbooks and your course texts.  Look along the left side of the page and below for possible online and print books that might help you find your answers.  If you didn't look at them this week, maybe this week?  If you need some DDX tools, check a previous case.  Some of you might find what you need from a lecture - make sure to check the Cite it Right tab for examples of how that might be cited.


Art & Science of Cardiac Phys. Exam

The art and science of cardiac physical examination: Everything you wanted to know.  See  WG 141 R196 2006 or online version.


Auscultation skills text

Auscultation skills : breath & heart sounds: In print only, but supplemental CD is available - check it out. See WF 39 A932 2006.


DeGowin's Diagnostic Examination

DeGowin's Diagnostic Examination:  Provides great detail on how to conducted an exam including listening to and grading murmurs.  See WB 200 D3194 2009 or online version.

Resources for this case include:

Textbook Suggestions (look left)

Drug Resources -- US & International Drugs

National or State Organizations

PubMed Search Tip - Culturally Competent Care

Dr. Curington's Suggestion  -  ** using a known article as a starting place for more **

Life-long Resources -- Guidelines

Patient Resouces - Spanish Language Materials & Up to Date

Extras - An interesting web site, a Google search tip, & an app poll

US & International Drugs

UCSD has several drug resources for looking up drug interactions, drugs appropriate for specific conditions, and specific details about an individual drug or a class of drugs.  See the full list on the Drug Info tab.

National & State Organizations

PubMed Search Tip

Searching PubMed

Understanding - it is not just about language.  Yes, knowing the patient's history is vital, and making sure the patient is told about what is happening and what they need to do for their health is also critical.  However, to really understand a patient from another culture takes more than language skills, it requires some understanding of that culture.  

If you search for articles, depending upon your search terms, you will get a variety of results. For example,

  • Is there a difference between the terms culturally competent care or culturally competent treatment?
    • Or, do they mean the same thing?
    • Authors use both terms - maybe you need to use both?
  • How do you get to the literature for latinos?
    • What do authors use to describe this group of patients?
    • PubMed Tip:   There is a MeSH term for hispanics or Mexican Americans but sometimes it is just easier to type these synonymous terms with parentheses:

      (hispanics OR latinos)  

    • Try one of the following (or put both in the search box with parentheses) 

      cuturally competent care, or      
      culturally competent treatment

 Maybe add (for this case):


Tip from Dr. Curington: Error in Translation Article

Dr. Curington found an interesting article (a bit dated, but still salient) regarding one interpreter's advice based on her bilingual and bicultural experiences.  Link is below.  You can use it as a starting point for more articles on translation in health care - if you want the more recent ones, change the sort order - see the graphic below.

PubMed Tip:  the Similar Articles link in PubMed will get you many related articles - and sometimes, more recent ones.  However, the older articles may still be at the top, so change the Sort By option to Pubication Date to see the recent articles.

You can see what are the current topics. 

Life-long Resources -- Guidelines

The following resources are available to everyone without a subscription and for the most part have been developed with government funding.  These tools will be available to you even when you graduate and move on from UCSD. 

Patient Resources -- Including Spanish-Language Resources