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Census Research Guide: 1880

For more info...

Historical Census Populations of Counties and Cities in California

Raw Data Files

These are computer files intended to be loaded into statistical software for analysis and creating your own tables. In some cases these files can be used with spreadsheet software as well.

Population Schedules

Census population schedules (or "name schedules" or "manuscript census") are copies of the original questionnaires collected during each decennial census. They list the individual names and family information of the people enumerated. Unlike the statistics published soon after the census, the population schedules remain confidential for 72 years. 1930 is the most recent population schedule available.

  • Online version: Heritage Quest [UCSD only]
  • Microform version: 10th Census of Population, 1880: California [xf 1975 reels 61-86]

Contact

Need help? Use the Ask-A-Librarian reference service, or call us at (858) 822-0450 during Reference Desk hours.

About the 1880 census

Highlights

  • 10th decennial census
  • US population: 50,155,783
  • California population: 864,694

Questions asked

Address; nickname; relationship to head of family; sex; race; age; marital status; month of birth if born within the census year; married within the year; occupation; number of months unemployed during year; sickness or temporary disability; whether blind, deaf and dumb, idiotic, insane, maimed, crippled, bedridden, or otherwise disabled; school attendance; literacy; place of birth of person and parents. Supplemental schedules for the Indian population; for persons who died during the year; insane; idiots; deaf-mutes; blind; homeless children; prisoners; paupers and indigent persons.

For more information:

Map coverage of the 1880 census

Statistics

Find all 1880 census publications in the Library.

Multi-year census compilations (compare across years): These sources tend to include statistics for large geographic areas (e.g. states), but can be very useful when comparing statistics over time.

Key publications:

Print available in the Library

Online access

Vol I: Statistics of the population of the United States
[ C 3.14:880/1]

From the Census Bureau

Vol II: Report on the manufactures of the United States (11pts)
[C 3.14:880/2]

From the Census Bureau

Vol III: Report on the production of agriculture (6 pts)
[C 3.14:880/3]

From the Census Bureau

Vol IV: Report on agencies of transportation (5 pts)
[C 3.14:880/4]

From the Census Bureau

Vol V-VI: Report on cotton production(2 pts)
[C 3.14:880/5-6]

From the Census Bureau

Vol VII: Report on valuation, taxation, and public indebtedness
[C 3.14:880/7]

From the Census Bureau

Vol VIII: (4 pts) The newspaper and periodical press; Alaska: its population, industries, as resources; The seal islands of Alaska; Ship-building industry
[C 3.14:880/8]

From the Census Bureau

Vol IX: Report on the Forests of North America
[C 3.14:880/9]

From the Census Bureau

Vol X: Production technology, and uses of petroleum; The manufacture of coke; Building stones of the United States, and statistics of the quarry industry for 1880.
[C 3.14:880/10]
(Note: pages 713 and 795-812 missing from edition on Census website)

From the Census Bureau

Vol XI-XII: Report on the mortality and vital statistics (2 pts)
[C 3.14:880/11-12]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XIII: Statistics and technology of the precious metals
[C 3.14:880/13]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XIV: The United States mining laws
[C 3.14:880/14]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XV: Report on the mining industries
[ C 3.14:880/15]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XVI-XVII: Reports on water-power (2 pts)
[C 3.14:880/16-17]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XVIII-XIX: Report on the social statistics of cities (2 pts)
[C 3.14:880/18-19]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XX: Report on the statistics of wages in manufacturing industries
[ C 3.14:880/20]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XXI: Report on the defective, dependent, and delinquent classes of the population
[ C 3.14:880/21]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XXII: Report on power and machinery employed in manufactures (7 pts)
[C 3.14:880/22]

From the Census Bureau

Compendium of the tenth Census (2 pts)
[C 3.14:880/23-24]

From the Census Bureau