Abstract: summary of the article
Introduction: background information and a description of the author’s purpose
Materials & Methods: how the study was performed with enough detail so that other scientists could repeat the study
Results: includes new observations, data and findings
Discussion: a description of what the findings mean and their implications; address potential criticisms
There is no right way to take notes. You should find the method that works best for you. If you are unfamilar with note-taking methods, these are good places to start.
These books offer great tips on how to read a scholarly article.
First, skim the article. Read the abstract and skim the Introduction and Discussion.
Second, read and take notes. If you think the article will support your topic, then read the entire article. Be sure to take good notes (see Tips to the left).
You should be able to answer the following questions about the article in a short paragrah.