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Psychological and Medical Anthropology: Person & Self

Person & Self

Note: Unless otherwise indicated, these books are available in the Geisel Library.  A few of the sources are available online--for those which indicate "UCSD only" please follow these instructions when accessing from off-campus.

For a semiotic view of the self, see also V. Colapietro  Peirce’s Approach to the Self: A Semiotic Perspective on Human Subjectivity.  Two contemporaries of Peirce, William James and H.G. Mead, also had views on the self (see Norbert Wiley,  1995 The Semiotic Self).  

Anthropology’s shifting relationship to the idea of self and person can be framed in terms of the contrast of two classic theorists, A.I Hallowell (“The self and its behavioral environment,” in  his 1955 Culture and experience) and Marcel Mauss’ 1938 sly essay “The category of the person: the notion of person, the notion of self” reprinted in The Category of the Person: Anthropology, Philosophy, History, M. Carrithers et all, eds.

Bellah, R. (1987), “The quest for the self: individualism, morality, politics,” in Interpretive social science: a second look, P. Rabinow and W. Sullivan, eds., pp. 365-384

Brison, Karn J. (2001), “Crafting sociocentric selves in religious discourse in rural Fiji,” Ethos 29: 453-474.  Online access, UCSD only.

Conklin, B. and L. Morgan (1996), “Babies, bodies, and the production of personhood in North America and a Native Amazonian Society,” Ethos 24(4): 657-694.  Online access, UCSD only.

Csordas, Thomas J. (1994), “Self and person,” in Handbook of psychological anthropology, P. K. Bock (ed.), pp. 331-350

Derné, S. (1992), “Beyond institutional and impulsive conceptions of self: family structure and the socially anchored real self,” Ethos 20: 259-288.  Online access, UCSD only.

Ewing, K. (1990), “The illusion of wholeness: culture, self, and experience of inconsistency,” Ethos 18: 251-278.  Online access, UCSD only.

Ewing, K. (1991), “Can psychoanalytic theories explain the Pakistani woman? Intrapsychic autonomy and interpersonal engagement in the extended family,” Ethos 19: 131-160.  Online access, UCSD only.

Farley, B.P. (1998), “Anxious conformity: anxiety and the sociocentrically-oriented self in a Tlaxcalan community,” Ethos 26: 271-294.  Online access, UCSD only.

Fogelson, R. (1979), “Person, self, and identity: some anthropological retrospects, circumspects, and prospects,” in Psychosocial theories of the self, B. Lee, ed., pp. 67-109

Geertz, Clifford ([1966] 1973), “Person, time, and conduct in Bali,” in The interpretation of culturesOnline access, UCSD only.  Print copy available in Geisel Library.

Hollan, Douglas (1992), “Cross-cultural differences in the self,” Journal of Anthropological Research 48:283-300.  Online access, UCSD only.  Print copy available in Geisel Library

Holland, Douglas and A. Kipnis (1994), “Metaphors for embarrassment and stories of exposure: the not-so-egocentric self in American Culture,” Ethos 22(3): 316-342.  Online access, UCSD only.

Horton, R. (1961), “Destiny and the Unconscious in West Africa,” Africa 31(2): 110-116.  Online access, UCSD only.

Kray, C.A. (2001), “The Pentecostal re-formation of self: opting for orthodoxy in Yucatán,” Ethos 29: 395-429.  Online access, UCSD only.

Kusserow, A.S. (1999), “De-homogenizing American Individualism: socializing hard and soft individualism in Manhattan and Queens,” Ethos 27: 210-234  9 [see book as well].  Online access, UCSD only.

Lindholm, Charles. (1982), Generosity and Jealousy: the Swat Pukhtun of northern Pakistan.

Lindholm, Charles. (1997), “Does the sociocentric self exist? Reflections on Markus and Kitayama’s ‘Culture and the Self’,” Journal of Anthropological Research 53:405-422.  Online access, UCSD only.

Lynch, O. ed. (1990), Divine passions: the social construction of emotion in India. Online access, open.  Also available in print in Geisel Library.

Mageo, Jeannette (1993), Theorizing self in Samoa: emotions, genders, and sexualities.

McHugh, Ernestine (1989), “Concepts of the person among the Gurungs of Nepal,” American Ethnologist 16: 75-86.  Online access, UCSD only.

Mines, M. (1988), “Conceptualizing the person: hierarchical society and individual autonomy in India,” American Anthropologist 90: 568-579.  Online access, UCSD only.

Murray, D. (1993), “What is the Western concept of the self? On forgetting David Hume,” Ethos 21: 3-23.  Online access, UCSD only.

Neisser, U.(1988), “Five kinds of self-knowledge,” Philosophical Psychology 1: 35-59. 

Parish, Steven M. (1991), “The sacred mind: Newar cultural representations of mental life and the production of moral consciousness,” Ethos 19: 313-351.  Online access, UCSD only.

Paul, R. (1976), “The Sherpa Temple as a model of the psyche,” American Ethnologist 3(1): 131-146.  Online access, UCSD only.

Rosaldo, Michelle Z.. (1980), Knowledge and Passion: Ilongot notions of self and social life.

Rosaldo, Michelle Z.. (1984), “Toward an anthropology of self and feeling” in Culture theory: essays on mind, self, and emotion, R. Shweder and R. LeVine (eds.), pp. 137-157

Shweder, Richard and E. Bourne (1984), “Does the concept of the person vary cross-culturally?” in Culture theory: essays on mind, self, and emotion, R. Shweder and R. LeVine (eds.), pp. 158-199

Shweder, Richard, M. Mahapatra, and J. Miller (1990), “Culture and moral development” in Cultural Psychology: essays on comparative human development, J. Stigler, R. Shweder, and G. Herdt, eds., pp. 130-204

Spiro, Melford E. (1993), “Is the Western conception of self ‘peculiar’ within the context of world cultures?” Ethos 21(2): 107-153. Online access, UCSD only. 

Wallace, A. (1958), “Dreams and the wishes of the soul: a type of psychoanalytic theory among the 17th-century Iroquois,” American Anthropologist 60(2): 234-248.  Online access, UCSD only.

White, Geoffrey M. and John Kirkpatrick, eds. (1985), Person, self, and experience: exploring Pacific ethnopsychologies.

Wikan, Unni. (1990), Managing turbulent hearts: a Balinese formula for living.