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Subject encyclopedias are much more than a way of picking up quick facts. Typically put together by scholars and other experts in the field, they can provide an overview of a field or fill in topics for unfamiliar areas of research. The articles usually also include a list of important books and articles. Not a substitute for research but a quick way of getting you started.
The Oxford Research Encyclopedias (ORE) offer long-form overview articles written, peer-reviewed, and edited by leading scholars in American History. The encyclopedia covers both foundational and cutting-edge topics in order to develop, over time, an anchoring knowledge base for major areas of research. This source is regularly updated.
20th Century: Post-1945
20th Century: Pre-1945
African American History
Asian American History
Civil War and Reconstruction
Early National History
Foreign Relations and Foreign Policy
History of Science and Technology
Labor and Working Class History
Late 19th-Century History
Native American History
Slavery and Abolition
Thousands of resources,including articles, photos, maps, broadsides and newspapers, related to Chicago's history. Searchable and browsable. From the Chicago Historical Society, the Newberry Library, and Northwestern University.
Encyclopedia and biographical dictionary covering every aspect of Texas history. Sponsored by the Texas State Historical Association and the General Libraries at UT Austin. Print edition available in SSHL Reference
Information about people, places, events, institutions, relating to Georgia, including articles with bibliographies, images and web links. A project of the Georgia Humanities Council, University of Georgia Press, & the University System of Georgia.
More than 1500 entries. An updated version of a 1998 print edition, but updated and enriched with audio, video and other media. A joint project of the Tennessee Historical Society and the University of Tennessee Press. Print edition in SSHL Reference
Covers abortion from the founding of the U.S. to the present day. The entries address the many political, legal, social, religious, and medical issues. 2009 update to 1st edition. One user at a time so if busy, try again
Examines issues, events, people, activism, laws, personal experiences, and social ramifications of disability throughout American history. Includes chronology and dozens of original documents, as well as an extensive bibliography.
Covers all significant religious denominations and movements in North America, from early European settlement to present day. Includes religious life of indigenous peoples and the relationship of political, social, economic, and cultural spheres
From ancient Egypt and pirates to nuclear submarines and supertankers. Over 900 articles examine all aspects: naval history, shipbuilding, biographies, navigation and scientific instrumentation, maritime art and literature, commerce, international law.