Projects that require research can be an overwhelming process. Here are some tips to help you get started.
1. Understand your assignment.
2. Think about what types of sources would be useful to your topic. Would these sources be background material? Do you need examples or evidence to analyze? Sources that help you build or refute an argument can be useful. You can also explore other study's methods to apply to your own research.
3. Explore some of the other tabs on this guide to help you explore your topic to build a research question and find books and articles on your topic.
4. Ask for help- Feel free to stop by the Research Assistance Desk in the west wing of the 2nd floor at Geisel Library. Don't have time to stop by? Feel free to consult with a librarian over chat, through email or by phone.
Plagiarism can be unintentional or intentional when ideas, text, and creative work are used but not cited in academic, professional, and personal work. Common forms of plagiarism can include:
How will you know if something is common knowledge? Consider:
Use your common sense — when in doubt, ask!
For more information about what constitutes plagiarism, please see the Academic Integrity Office.
The flow of information is a timeline of how information is created, distributed and found. Information is disseminated through a variety of channels, each with their own authors, audiences and time frames. By knowing what type of information you are looking for, and the time frame of that source, will help you explore resources more strategically.
|Reporter of the Event||Time Frame||Where to Look||Written by||Audience|
|News (Twitter, Internet, TV, Radio)||Seconds/Minutes/Days||
Websites, TV Stations, Radio Stations
|Citizens, Journalists||General Public|
|Newspapers||Day/ Days||Newspapers, Newspaper Websites, Newspaper Indexes||Professional Journalists||General Public|
|Magazines||Days/Weeks||Magazines, Magazine Websites, Periodical indexes||Professional Journals, Cultural Critics||General Public. Knowledgeable Layperson|
|Academic Journals||Months||Library Catalog, Article Database, Journal Website||Specialists in the Field, Scholars||Other Scholars, Specialists, Students|
|Books||Years||Library Catalog||Specialists, Scholars||General Public to Scholars|
|E-Books||Years||Library Catalog, Publishers Websites||Specialists, Scholars||General Public to Scholars|
|Reference Sources||Years||Library Catalog, Reference Databases, Publishers Websites||Specialists, Scholars||General Public to Scholars|
|Web Pages||Seconds/Minutes to Years||Web search tools||Anyone||General Public to Scholars|
Start your research early, so you are not under pressure to finish and be more likely to make mistakes when paraphrasing.
Read the entire text, underlining key points and main ideas.
In your own words, write a sentence about the main idea of the text (i.e. summarize). Also, write key points in the text.
Highlight any words, phrases, or key passages that you would want to quote directly.
Combine the above into a new paraphrased paragraph, using your own words.