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LGBTQ History in Government Documents: Selected LGBTQ History Sources

Selected Sources

American Progress. A Timeline of the Biden Administration’s Efforts To Support LGBTQ Equality in the First 100 Days. Retrieved June 11, 2024, from

Benemann, William. Male-male Intimacy in Early America: Beyond Romantic Friendships.  New York, NY: Harrington Park Press, 2006.

Berube, Allan.  Coming Out Under Fire: The History of Gay Men and Women in World War II.  New York, NY: Free Press, 1990

Cervini, Eric. "The Deviant's Archive." Retrieved June 28, 2020, from

Charles, Douglas M. Hoover's War on Gays: Exposing the FBI's "Sex Deviates" Program.  Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press, 2015.

D'Emilio, John and Freedman, Estelle B.  Intimate Matters: A History of Sexuality in America.  Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1997.

Chin, Gabriel J and Vilazor, Rose.  The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965: Legislating a New America. New York, NY: Canbridge University Press, 2015.

D'Emilio, John.  Sexual Politics, Sexual Communities: The Making of a Homosexual Minority in the United States. 1940-1970.  Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Eskridge Jr., William N.  "History of LGBT: Federal Law and Policy" in Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered History in America. Editor: Marc Stein. Volume 1. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2004.

GLAAD. Biden Accountability Tracker. Retrieved June 11, 2024, from

GLAAD. Trump Accountability Tracker. Retrieved June 11, 2024, from

Human Rights Campaign. President Biden's Pro-LGBTQ Timeline. Retrieved June 11, 2024, from

Johnson, David K. The Lavender Scare: The Cold War Persecution of Gays and Lesbians in the Federal Government. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.

Katz, Jonathan.  Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A: A Documentary History. New York, NY: Meridian, 1992

Lewis, Gregory B. “Lifting the Ban on Gays in the Civil Service: Federal Policy toward Gay and Lesbian Employees since the Cold War.” Public Administration Review: Vol. 57, No. 5 (Sep. - Oct., 1997), pp. 387-395.

LGBTQ+ Victory Institute. LGBTQ Appointments in the Biden - Harris Administration. Retrieved June 11, 2024, from

NBC News. Undoing 4 years of 'damage': LGBTQ advocates on Biden's first 100 days. Retrieved June 11, 2024, from

O'Hara, M. E. (2017, April 26). "How has Trump's first 100 days in office impacted LGBTQ rights?" Retrieved June 10, 2018, from

Sullivan, Gerard. "A Bibliographic Guide to Government Hearings and Reports, Legislative Action, and Speeches Made in the House and Senate of the United States Congress on the Subject of Homosexuality." Journal of Homosexuality: Vol. 10, No. 1-2 (1984), pp. 135-189.

Web Integrity Project. (November 2019). "Identity, Protections, and Data Coverage: How LGBTQ-related language and content has changed under the Trump Administration." Retrieved May 10, 2024, from*/