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Census Research Guide: 1790

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Raw Data Files

These are computer files intended to be loaded into statistical software for analysis and creating your own tables. In some cases these files can be used with spreadsheet software as well.

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About the 1790 Census

Highlights

  • 1st decennial census
  • US population: 3,929,625

Questions asked

In 1790, assistant marshals listed the name of each head of household, and asked the following questions:

  • The number of free White males aged:
    • under 16 years
    • of 16 years and upward
  • Number of free White females
  • Number of other free persons
  • Number of slaves

Map coverage of the 1790 census

Statistics

Find all 1790 census publications in the library.

Multi-year census compilations (compare across years): These sources tend to include statistics for large geographic areas (e.g. states), but can be very useful when comparing statistics over time.

Key publications:

Print available in the Library

Online access

Return of the whole number of persons within the several districts of the United States
[C 3.14:790 and C 3.14:790/rep and XP 510]

From the Census Bureau

From Newsbank

From Univ. of Michigan

 

 

Population Schedules

Census population schedules (or "name schedules" or "manuscript census") are copies of the original questionnaires collected during each decennial census. They list the individual names and family information of the people enumerated. Unlike the statistics published soon after the census, the population schedules remain confidential for 72 years. 1930 is the most recent population schedule available.


Print Versions in the Library

Online Versions

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790: Connecticut

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790: Maine

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790 : Massachusetts

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United states, taken in the year 1790: New Hampshire

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United states, taken in the year 1790: New York (print unavailable)

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790, North Carolina

From the Census Bureau

From HeritageQuest

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790. Pennsylvania (print unavailable)

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790: Rhode Island

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790, South Carolina

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790: Vermont

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790 : records of the state enumerations, 1782 to 1785 : Virginia

From the Census Bureau

From HeritageQuest

List of free Black heads of families in the first census of the United States

n/a