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Census Research Guide: 1890

About the 1890 Census

Census Bureau's "By Decade" website

Includes a variety of publications, questionnaires, datasets, and more

Highlights

  • 11th decennial census
  • US population: 62,947,714
  • California population: 1,213,398
  • Electrical tabulating machines first used.
  • First census to use a separate questionnaire for each household.

Questions asked (see questionnaire)

Address; name; relationship to head of family; race; sex; age; marital status; number of families in house; number of persons in house; number of persons in family; whether a soldier, sailor or marine during Civil War (Union or Confederate) or widow of such person; whether married during census year; for women, number of children born, and number now living; place of birth of person and parents; if foreign born, number of years in the U.S., whether naturalized or whether naturalization papers had been taken out; profession, trade, or occupation; months unemployed during census year; months attended school during census year; literacy; whether able to speak English, and if not, language or dialect spoken; whether suffering from acute or chronic disease, with name of disease and length of time afflicted; whether defective in mind, sight, hearing or speech, or whether crippled, maimed, or deformed, with name of defect; whether a prisoner, convict, homeless child, or pauper; home rented or owned by head or member of family; if owned by head or member, whether mortgaged; if head of family a farmer, whether farm rented or owned by him or member of his family; if owned, whether mortgaged; if mortgaged, post office address of owner. Supplemental schedules for the Indian population; for persons who died during the year; insane; feeble-minded and idiots; deaf; blind; diseased and physically defective; inmates of benevolent institutions; prisoners; paupers and indigent persons; surviving soldiers, sailors, and marines, and widows of such; inmates of soldier's homes.

Map coverage of the 1890 census

Statistics

Find all 1890 census publications in the Library.


Key publications:

Print available in the Library

Online access

Vol I: Report on population of the United States (2 pts)
[C 3.14:890/1/pt.1-2]

 Census Bureau

Vol II: Report on the Insane, feeble-minded, deaf and dumb, and blind in the United States
[C 3.14:890/2]

 Census Bureau

Vol III: Report on crime, pauperism, and benevolence (2 pts)
[C 3.14:890/3/pt.1-2]

 Census Bureau

Vol IV: Report on vital and social statistics (4 pts)
[C 3.14:890/4/pt.1-4]

 Census Bureau

Vol V: Reports on the statistics of agriculture
[C 3.14:890/5]

 Census Bureau

Vol VI: Report on manufacturing industries (3 pts)
[C 3.14:890/6/pt.1-3]

 Census Bureau

Vol VII: Report on mineral industries
[C 3.14:890/7, C 3.14:890/7/reprint]

 Census Bureau

Vol VIII: Report on population and resources of Alaska
[C 3.14:890/8]

 Census Bureau

Vol IX: Report on statistics of churches
[C 3.14:890/16/Ch/rep]
(Note: pages 713 and 795-812 missing from edition on Census website)

 Census Bureau

Vol X: Report on Indians taxed and Indians not taxed
[C 3.14:890/17/In/rep, Spec E77 .U52 1894]

 Census Bureau

Vol XI: Report on insurance business (2 pts)
[ C 3.14:890/11/pt.1-2]

 Census Bureau

Vol XII: Report on real estate mortgages
[C 3.14:890/12]

 Census Bureau

Vol XIII: Report on farms and homes: Proprietorship and indebtedness
[ C 3.14:890/13]

 Census Bureau

Vol XIV: Report on transportation business (2 pts)
[ C 3.14:890/14/pt.1-2]

 Census Bureau

Vol XV: Report on wealth, debt, and taxation (2 pts)
[C 3.14:890/15/pt.1-2]

 Census Bureau

Compendium of the Eleventh Census (3 pts)
[C 3.14:890/17/pt.1-3, C 3.14:890/17/pt1-3/reprint]

 Census Bureau

Abstract
[C 3.14:890/16]

 Census Bureau

Statistical atlas of the United States
[C 3.14:890/18 (print vol. missing - purchase)]

 American Memory

Special census report on the occupations of the population of the United States
[C 3.14:890/19/O 33]

 Census Bureau

Vital Statistics of New York and Brooklyn covering a period of six years ending May 31, 1890
[C 3.14:890/19/V 58]

 Census Bureau

Vital statistics of the District of Columbia and Baltimore covering a period of six years ending…
[C 3.14:890/19/V 59]

 Census Bureau

The five civilized tribes in Indian territory: The Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole Nations.
[C 3.14:890/19/T 75, XX 568 LAC no.40051]

 Census Bureau

Indians. Eastern bank of Cherokees of North Carolina
[XX 568 LAC no.40051]

 Census Bureau

Indians. The Six Nations of New York. Cayugas, Mohawks (Saint Regis), Oneidas, Onondagas, Senecas, Tuscaroras.
[E99.I7 S55 1995]

 Census Bureau