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Census Research Guide: 1860

About the 1860 Census

Census Bureau's "By Decade" website

Includes a variety of publications, questionnaires, datasets, and more

Highlights

  • 8th decennial census
  • US population: 31,443,321
  • California population: 379,994

Questions asked (see questionnaire)

Age, sex, race, married in past year, free or slave, number of slaves, deaf, blind, insane, feeble-minded, pauper, convict, literacy, school attendance, place of birth, occupation, value of real estate and personal property, number of slave houses

Map coverage of the 1860 census

Statistics

Find all 1860 census publications in the Library.


Key publications:

Print available in the Library

 Online access

Population of the United States in 1860
[C 3.14:860/1 and C 3.14:860/1/reprint]

 Census Bureau

 Newsbank

 Univ. of Michigan

Agriculture of the United States in 1860
[C 3.14:860/2 and C 3.14:860/2/reprint]

 Census Bureau

 Newsbank

 Univ. of Michigan

Manufactures of the United States in 1860
[C 3.14:860/3 and C 3.14:860/3/reprint]

 Census Bureau

 Newsbank

 Univ. of Michigan

Statistics of the United States in 1860
[C 3.14:860/4 and C 3.14:860/4/reprint]

 Census Bureau

Preliminary report on the Eighth Census, 1860

 Census Bureau

 Newsbank

 Univ. of Michigan

Map showing, in five degrees of density, the distribution, within the territory east of the 100th Meridian, of the population of the United States, (excluding Indians not taxed) [electronic resource] : compiled from the returns of population at the Eighth census of the United States

 David Rumsey Collection