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Census Research Guide: 1860

About the 1860 Census

Census Bureau's "By Decade" website - includes a variety of publications, questionnaires, datasets, and more


  • 8th decennial census
  • US population: 31,443,321
  • California population: 379,994

Questions asked (see questionnaire)

Age, sex, race, married in past year, free or slave, number of slaves, deaf, blind, insane, feeble-minded, pauper, convict, literacy, school attendance, place of birth, occupation, value of real estate and personal property, number of slave houses


For more information on this map:

Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790 - 1920

Finding Statistics

Social Explorer - remote access limited to UCSD affiliates

Finding Publications

Find all 1860 census publications in the library catalog.

Selected publications:

Population of the United States in 1860 [C 3.14:860/1 and C 3.14:860/1/reprint]

Agriculture of the United States in 1860 [C 3.14:860/2 and C 3.14:860/2/reprint]

Manufactures of the United States in 1860 [C 3.14:860/3 and C 3.14:860/3/reprint]

Statistics of the United States in 1860 [C 3.14:860/4 and C 3.14:860/4/reprint]

Preliminary report on the Eighth Census, 1860

Map showing, in five degrees of density, the distribution, within the territory east of the 100th Meridian, of the population of the United States, (excluding Indians not taxed) [electronic resource] : compiled from the returns of population at the Eighth census of the United States