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Census Research Guide: 1810

About the 1810 Census

Census Bureau's "By Decade" website

Includes a variety of publications, questionnaires, datasets, and more


  • 3rd decennial census
  • US population: 7,239,881

Questions asked (see questionnaire)

In 1810, the slate of questions asked by assistant U.S. marshals was identical to the 1800 census. This census recorded the name of the county, parish, township, town, or city in which each family resided. Each family was listed by the name of the head of household and asked the following questions:

  • Number of free White males and females aged, respectively:
    • under 10 years of age
    • of 10 years but under 16 years
    • of 16 years but under 26 years
    • of 26 years but under 45 years
    • 45 years and upward
  • Number of all other free persons
  • Number of slaves

Map coverage of the 1810 census


Find all 1810 census publications in the Library.

Key publications:

Print available in the Library

 Online access

Aggregate Amount of each description of persons within the United States of America
[C 3.14:810/1, C 3.14:810/1/reprint]


A Statement of the arts and manufactures of the United States of America
[C 3.14:810/2, C 3.14:810/2/reprint]

 Census Bureau