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Census Research Guide: 1880

About the 1880 Census

Census Bureau's "By Decade" website

Includes a variety of publications, questionnaires, datasets, and more

Highlights

  • 10th decennial census
  • US population: 50,155,783
  • California population: 864,694

Questions asked (see questionnaire)

Address; nickname; relationship to head of family; sex; race; age; marital status; month of birth if born within the census year; married within the year; occupation; number of months unemployed during year; sickness or temporary disability; whether blind, deaf and dumb, idiotic, insane, maimed, crippled, bedridden, or otherwise disabled; school attendance; literacy; place of birth of person and parents. Supplemental schedules for the Indian population; for persons who died during the year; insane; idiots; deaf-mutes; blind; homeless children; prisoners; paupers and indigent persons.

Map coverage of the 1880 census

Statistics

Find all 1880 census publications in the Library.


Key publications:

Print available in the Library

Online access

Vol I: Statistics of the population of the United States
[ C 3.14:880/1]

 Census Bureau

Vol II: Report on the manufactures of the United States (11pts)
[C 3.14:880/2]

 Census Bureau

Vol III: Report on the production of agriculture (6 pts)
[C 3.14:880/3]

 Census Bureau

Vol IV: Report on agencies of transportation (5 pts)
[C 3.14:880/4]

 Census Bureau

Vol V-VI: Report on cotton production(2 pts)
[C 3.14:880/5-6]

 Census Bureau

Vol VII: Report on valuation, taxation, and public indebtedness
[C 3.14:880/7]

 Census Bureau

Vol VIII: (4 pts) The newspaper and periodical press; Alaska: its population, industries, as resources; The seal islands of Alaska; Ship-building industry
[C 3.14:880/8]

 Census Bureau

Vol IX: Report on the Forests of North America
[C 3.14:880/9]

 Census Bureau

Vol X: Production technology, and uses of petroleum; The manufacture of coke; Building stones of the United States, and statistics of the quarry industry for 1880.
[C 3.14:880/10]
(Note: pages 713 and 795-812 missing from edition on Census website)

 Census Bureau

Vol XI-XII: Report on the mortality and vital statistics (2 pts)
[C 3.14:880/11-12]

 Census Bureau

Vol XIII: Statistics and technology of the precious metals
[C 3.14:880/13]

 Census Bureau

Vol XIV: The United States mining laws
[C 3.14:880/14]

 Census Bureau

Vol XV: Report on the mining industries
[ C 3.14:880/15]

 Census Bureau

Vol XVI-XVII: Reports on water-power (2 pts)
[C 3.14:880/16-17]

 Census Bureau

Vol XVIII-XIX: Report on the social statistics of cities (2 pts)
[C 3.14:880/18-19]

 Census Bureau

Vol XX: Report on the statistics of wages in manufacturing industries
[ C 3.14:880/20]

 Census Bureau

Vol XXI: Report on the defective, dependent, and delinquent classes of the population
[ C 3.14:880/21]

 Census Bureau

Vol XXII: Report on power and machinery employed in manufactures (7 pts)
[C 3.14:880/22]

 Census Bureau

Compendium of the tenth Census (2 pts)
[C 3.14:880/23-24]

 Census Bureau