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Census Research Guide: 1880

About the 1880 Census

Census Bureau's "By Decade" website - includes a variety of publications, questionnaires, datasets, and more


  • 10th decennial census
  • US population: 50,155,783
  • California population: 864,694

Questions asked (see questionnaire)

Address; nickname; relationship to head of family; sex; race; age; marital status; month of birth if born within the census year; married within the year; occupation; number of months unemployed during year; sickness or temporary disability; whether blind, deaf and dumb, idiotic, insane, maimed, crippled, bedridden, or otherwise disabled; school attendance; literacy; place of birth of person and parents. Supplemental schedules for the Indian population; for persons who died during the year; insane; idiots; deaf-mutes; blind; homeless children; prisoners; paupers and indigent persons.


For more information on this map:

Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790 - 1920

Finding Statistics

Social Explorer - remote access limited to UCSD affiliates

Finding Publications

Find all 1880 census publications in the library catalog.

Selected publications:

Vol I: Statistics of the population of the United States [ C 3.14:880/1]

Vol II: Report on the manufactures of the United States  [C 3.14:880/2]

Vol III: Report on the production of agriculture [C 3.14:880/3]

Vol IV: Report on agencies of transportation [C 3.14:880/4]

Vol V-VI: Report on cotton production [C 3.14:880/5-6]

Vol VII: Report on valuation, taxation, and public indebtedness [C 3.14:880/7]

Vol VIII: The newspaper and periodical press; Alaska: its population, industries, as resources; The seal islands of Alaska; Ship-building industry [C 3.14:880/8]

Vol IX: Report on the Forests of North America [C 3.14:880/9]

Vol X: Production technology, and uses of petroleum; The manufacture of coke; Building stones of the United States, and statistics of the quarry industry for 1880. [C 3.14:880/10]

Vol XI-XII: Report on the mortality and vital statistics [C 3.14:880/11-12]

Vol XIII: Statistics and technology of the precious metals [C 3.14:880/13]

Vol XIV: The United States mining laws [C 3.14:880/14]

Vol XV: Report on the mining industries [ C 3.14:880/15]

Vol XVI-XVII: Reports on water-power [C 3.14:880/16-17]

Vol XVIII-XIX: Report on the social statistics of cities [C 3.14:880/18-19]

Vol XX: Report on the statistics of wages in manufacturing industries [ C 3.14:880/20]

Vol XXI: Report on the defective, dependent, and delinquent classes of the population [ C 3.14:880/21]

Vol XXII: Report on power and machinery employed in manufactures [C 3.14:880/22]

Compendium of the tenth Census [C 3.14:880/23-24]