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Census Research Guide: 1990

About the 1990 Census

Census Bureau's "By Decade" website

Includes a variety of publications, questionnaires, datasets, and more

Highlights

  • 21st decennial census
  • US population: 248,709,873
  • California population: 29,760,021

Questions asked (see questionnaire)

Information obtained from all persons: age; sex; color or race; if American Indian, name of tribe; relationship to head of family or household; marital status

Information obtained from a sample of the population: ancestry/ethnic origin; ill or disabled; school attendance; educational attainment; place of birth; citizenship; if foreign born, year of immigration; language; Spanish origin or descent; number of children ever born to mother; veteran status; length of service; in service date; place of residence in previous year; year moved to present residence; industry; occupation; class of worker; employment status; duration of unemployment; year last worked; weeks worked in preceding year; hours worked in preceding week; value of real estate; income; place of work; means of transportation to work

Statistics

Find all 1990 census publications in the Library.


Key publications:

Print available in the Library

Online access

Census of Population:

General Population Characteristics
[C 3.223/6:990 CP-1-]

 Census Bureau

Social and Economic Characteristics
[ C 3.223/7:990 CP-2-]

 Census Bureau

The Foreign-Born Population in the United States
[ C 3.223/10:990 CP-3-1]

 Census Bureau

Ancestry of the Population in the United States
[ C 3.223/10:990 CP-3-2 ]

 Census Bureau

Persons of Hispanic Origin in the United States
[ C 3.223/10:990 CP-3-3]

 Census Bureau

Education in the United States
[ C 3.223/10: 990 CP-3-4]

 Census Bureau

Asians and Pacific Islanders in the United States
[ C 3.223/10:990 CP-3-5 ]

 Census Bureau

Characteristics of the Black Population
[ 3.223/10:990 CP-3-6 ]

 Census Bureau

Characteristics of American Indians by Tribe and Language (2 pts)
[C 3.223/10:990 CP-3-7]

 Census Bureau

Detailed Occupation and Other Characteristics From the EEO File for the United States

 Census Bureau

Detailed Ancestry Groups for States
[C 3.223/12:990 CP-S-1-2]

 Census Bureau

Census of Population and Housing:

Summary Population and Housing Characteristics
[C 3.223/18:990 CPH-1-]

 n/a (except Virgin Islands)

Population and Housing Unit Counts
[C 3.223/5:990 CPH-2-]

 Census Bureau

Population and Housing Characteristics for Census Tracts and Block Numbering Areas
[C 3.223/11:990 CPH-3-]

n/a (except for Virgin Islands)

Population and Housing Characteristics for Congressional Districts of the 103rd Congress
[C 3.223/20:990 CPH-4-]

 Census Bureau

Summary Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics
[ C 3.223/23:990 CPH-5-]

 Census Bureau

Census of Housing:

General Housing Characteristics
[C 3.224/3:990 CH-1-]

 Census Bureau

Detailed Housing Characteristics
[C 3.224/3:990 CH-2-]

 Census Bureau

Metropolitan Housing Characteristics
[C 3.224/4-2:990]

 Census Bureau

Residential Finance
[C 3.224/13:990 CH-4-1]

 Census Bureau


Original electronic files released:

 

Online access

Summary Tape Files

 

Public Law 94-171 data.
[C 3.281:]

 Census Bureau

STF1A
[ C 3.282:990/]

 Census Bureau

STF1B
[ C 3.282/3:CD 90-1 B-]

 Census Bureau

STF1C
[ C 3.282:990-1 C]

 Census Bureau

STF 1D
[C 3.282/4:104-2]

 Census Bureau

STF 3A
[C 3. 282/ 2 :Cd 90- 3a-]

 Census Bureau

STF 3B
[ C 3.282/2:CD 90-3 B-]

 Census Bureau

STF 3C
[C 3. 282/ 2 :Cd 90- 3c- ]

 Census Bureau

STF 3D
[C 3.282/4:104-2]

 Census Bureau

Subject Summary Tape Files (SSTFs)

 

SSTF 1: Foreign Born Population of the United States

 UC Berkeley

SSTF 2: Ancestry of the population in the United States
[ 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 02]

 UC Berkeley

SSTF 3: Persons of Hispanic Origins in the United States

 UC Berkeley

SSTF 4: Characteristics of adults with work disabilities, mobility limitations, or self-care limitations
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 04]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 5: Characteristics of the Asian and Pacific Islander population in the United States
[C 3.286:CD 90-SSTF 05]

 UC Berkeley

SSTF 6: Education

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 7: Metropolitan housing characteristics
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 07 ]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 8: Housing of the elderly
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 08]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 9: Housing characteristics of new units
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 09]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 10: Housing characteristics of mobile homes
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 10]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 12: Employment Status, Work Experience, and Veteran Status

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 13: Characteristics of American Indians by tribe and language
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 13]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 14: Occupation and industry : industry by occupation alphabetical index
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 14]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 15: Geographic mobility in the United States
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 15]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 16: Fertility
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 16 ]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 17: Poverty areas in the United States
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 17]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 18: Housing characteristics of condominium housing
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 18]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 19: The older population of the United States
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 19]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 20: Journey to work in the United States
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 20]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 21: Characteristics of the Black population of the United States
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 21]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 22: Earnings by Occupation and Education

**Download from UC Berkeley

Special Tabulations

 

The Comprehensive housing affordability strategy (CHAS) database
[C 3.275:H 81/CD/CORR-2]

 

Equal employment opportunity file
[C 3.283:CD 90-EEO-]

 Census Bureau

**Download from UC Berkeley

Special tabulation on aging
[C 3.281/2:CD-90-AOA ]

 

County-to-county migration flow files
[C 3.284:CD 90-MIG-]

 

** Files are available for download only.