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Census Research Guide: 1840

About the 1840 Census

Census Bureau's "By Decade" website

Includes a variety of publications, questionnaires, datasets, and more

Highlights

  • 6th decennial census
  • US population: 17,069,453
  • First census to include questions about education

Questions asked (see questionnaire)

Name of head of family; age; sex; race; slaves; number of deaf and dumb; number of blind; number of insane and idiotic and whether in public or private charge; number of persons in each family employed in each of six classes of industry and one of occupation; literacy; pensioners for Revolutionary or military service.

Map coverage of the 1840 census

Statistics

Find all 1840 census publications in the Library.


Key publications:

Print available in the Library

 Online access

Sixth Census
[C 3.14:840/1/reprint]

 n/a

Statistics of the United States of America
[C 3.14:840/2/reprint]

 n/a

Census of Pensioners for revolutionary or military services
[ C 3.14:840/3]

 Census Bureau

Compendium
[C 3.14:840/2]

 Census Bureau