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Census Research Guide: 1830

About the 1830 Census

Census Bureau's "By Decade" website

Includes a variety of publications, questionnaires, datasets, and more


  • 5th decennial census
  • US population: 12,866,020
  • First time sex and age of slaves included

Questions asked (see questionnaire)

Name of head of family; age; sex; race; slaves; deaf and dumb; blind; foreigners not naturalized.

Map coverage of the 1830 census


Find all 1830 census publications in the Library.

Key publications:

Print available in the Library

Online access

Fifth Census
[C 3.14:830/reprint]


Abstract of the returns of the Fifth Census
[C 3.14:1830/2]


 Census Bureau