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Census Research Guide: 1860

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Historical Census Populations of Counties and Cities in California

Raw Data Files

These are computer files intended to be loaded into statistical software for analysis and creating your own tables. In some cases these files can be used with spreadsheet software as well.

Population Schedules

Census population schedules (or "name schedules" or "manuscript census") are copies of the original questionnaires collected during each decennial census. They list the individual names and family information of the people enumerated. Unlike the statistics published soon after the census, the population schedules remain confidential for 72 years. 1930 is the most recent population schedule available.

  • Online version: Heritage Quest [UCSD only]
  • Microform version: Population Schedules Of The Eighth Census Of The United States, 1860 California [XF 1930 reel 55-72]
  • Additional indexes:
    1860 California census index : heads of households and other surnames in households index [F860 .D54 1984]
    Indian lands west of Arkansas (Oklahoma) : population schedule of the United States census of 1860 [E 78.I5 U55]

Contact

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About the 1860 census

Highlights

  • 8th decennial census
  • US population: 31,443,321
  • California population: 379,994

Questions asked

For more information:

Map coverage of the 1860 census

Statistics

Find all 1860 census publications in the Library.

Multi-year census compilations (compare across years): These sources tend to include statistics for large geographic areas (e.g. states), but can be very useful when comparing statistics over time.

Key publications:

Print available in the Library

Online access

Population of the United States in 1860
[C 3.14:860/1 and C 3.14:860/1/reprint]

From the Census Bureau

From Newsbank

From Univ. of Michigan

Agriculture of the United States in 1860
[C 3.14:860/2 and C 3.14:860/2/reprint]

From the Census Bureau

From Newsbank

From Univ. of Michigan

Manufactures of the United States in 1860
[C 3.14:860/3 and C 3.14:860/3/reprint]

From the Census Bureau

From Newsbank

From Univ. of Michigan

Statistics of the United States in 1860
[C 3.14:860/4 and C 3.14:860/4/reprint]

From the Census Bureau

Preliminary report on the Eighth Census, 1860

From the Census Bureau

From Newsbank

From Univ. of Michigan

Map showing, in five degrees of density, the distribution, within the territory east of the 100th Meridian, of the population of the United States, (excluding Indians not taxed) [electronic resource] : compiled from the returns of population at the Eighth census of the United States

From David Rumsey Collection