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U.S. Department of Education Public Data Listing
ED's public data listing in web format, per President Obama's 2013 executive order making open and machine-readable data the new default for government information.
The National Center for Education Statistics
The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) is the primary federal entity for collecting and analyzing data related to education. As such there are a number of longitudinal studies available on the NCES web site as well as at ICPSR.
ED Data Inventory
Describes data reported to the US Department of Education as part of grant activities, along with administrative and statistical data assembled and maintained by the Department.
The Common Core of Data
Annual, national statistical database of information about public elementary and secondary schools (e.g., enrollment by grade, student characteristics, number of teachers) and school districts (e.g., number of students, number of high school graduates in the previous year).
Urban Institute Education Data Explorer
The Education Data Explorer harmonizes data from all major federal datasets, including the US Department of Education Common Core of Data, the US Department of Education Civil Rights Data Collection, the US Department of Education EDFacts, the US Census Bureau Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, the US Department of Education Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, the US Department of Education College Scorecard, and the National Historical Geographic Information System. Allows you to search for a single school, school district, or college or to compare several schools, districts, or colleges across various data points.
Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS)
A survey of the characteristics and conditions of America's public and private schools and the teachers and principals who work in them.
National Household Education Surveys (NHES)
These surveys cover learning at all ages, from early childhood to school age to adulthood. Surveys include adult education (1991, 1995, 1999, 2001, 2003), early childhood program participation (1991, 1995, 1999, 2001), and parent and family involvement in education (1996, 1999, 2003) among others.
Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS)
IPEDS is a system of surveys designed to collect data from all primary providers of postsecondary education. Study components include earned degrees/completions, fall enrollment, staff, finance, institutional characteristics, salaries, tenure, and fringe benefits of full-time instructional faculty.
Milwaukee Parental Choice Program
This was the first program in the United States to provide major subsidies to private schools as part of a general voucher program. The data were collected as part of the annual evaluation of this program.
Monitoring the Future @ ICPSR
Monitoring the Future is an ongoing study of the behaviors, attitudes, and values of American secondary school students, college students, and young adults. Each year, a total of some 50,000 8th, 10th and 12th grade students are surveyed. A number of questions on drug use are asked.
National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 and 1997
The National Longitudinal Surveys of Youth are designed to document the transition from school to work and into adulthood. They collect extensive information about youths' labor market behavior and educational experiences over time. Data are also available from SSDS.
National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS) Series @ ICPSR
The National Postsecondary Student Aid Survey (NPSAS) provides information on how postsecondary student financial aid is targeted, received, and used. A significant component of the NPSAS is the Student Loan Recipient Transcript Survey, which collected postsecondary-school transcripts for Guaranteed Student Loan (GSL) recipients who were surveyed in the Student Loan Recipient Survey (SLRS).
Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System
In addition to SESTAT, a comprehensive and integrated system of information about the employment, educational, and demographic characteristics of scientists and engineers, this site also makes available several surveys of recipients of higher education.
Socioeconomic Survey of Twins
These data were collected by researchers at the University of Pensnylvania with the assistance of a registry of all twins born in Minnesota between 1936-55. A questionnaire was mailed out to twins in the registry starting in May 1994. Questions cover education, family status, health, and jobs held. Data are available through application only. Sample size is 3682.
Texas Higher Education Opportunity Project (THEOP)
A multi-year study that investigates college planning and enrollment behavior under a policy that guarantees admission to any Texas public college or university to high school seniors who graduate in the top decile of their class.